Home About Us Contact Resources Link to Us
Learn Spanish
Learn French
Learn Italian
Learn Portuguese
Learn German
Learn Chinese
Learn Japanese
Grammar
Common Phrases
Common Nouns
Numbers
Time
Alphabet
Dictionaries
Culture
Learn Russian

Japanese Grammar: Sentences | Verbs | Nouns | Adjectives | Prepositions | Adverbs

inside, among => naka
The cat is inside the box.=> Neko wa hako no naka ni iru.
Hiroshi is popular among the students.=> Hiroshi wa gakusei no naka de ninkimono desu.

outside => soto
The kids are playing outside. => Kodomotachi wa soto de asonde iru.

above, on top of => ue
below, underneath => shita
The dictionary is on the desk. => Jisho wa tsukue no ue ni aru.
The dictionary is under the desk. => Jisho wa tsukue no shita ni aru.

in front of => mae
behind => ushiro or ura
across from => mukai
next to => soba, yoko, or tonari
between => aida
near => chikai, or chikaku ni
far => tooi

More Particles
Ni indicates motion directed towards a place or object. Ni is used for spcific times, like the words in, on, or at.
Kara indicates motion from a place or object.